Severe blood loss (anemia due to)

Average volume of blood in a healthy adult individual is some 5000 ml (3000 ml plasma + 2000 ml erythrocytes). After an episode of acute bleeding, an organism will compensate the loss of plasma within one to three days, but low red blood cell count will remain. In chronic blood loss that a patient cannot compensate, hemoglobin level is lowered to dangerously low values hence severe anemia exists. Lowered blood viscosity results in lowered resistance to blood flow through peripheral blood
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Mb. Raynaud

Mb. Raynaud is a disease of blood vessels of unknown origin. It is manifested as spasms of small arteries, most commonly of fingers and toes, sometimes on other parts of the body (nose, ear, tongue). The main symptom is intermittent paleness and cyanosis, sometimes also pain. In 60 to 90% of the cases, the patients are young women, already suffering from sclerodermia, although the disease could be the only one. HBOT lessens pain, enhances microcirculation and oxygen delivery to the affected
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Postoperative paralytic ileus

Ileus is a disease characterized by blockage of passage of intestinal content and gases through the intestinal tube. This is an urgent and life-threatening condition since it could, depending on mechanisms of onset and the speed of development, endanger the patient and cause death. There are two distinctive types; dynamic ileus that occurs due to paralysis of intestinal muscles, and mechanical ileus that occurs due to an obstruction of intestinal tube. Postoperative ileus or adynamic ileus
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Problem wounds (chronic wounds)

HBOT is widely used to treat chronic wounds and ulcers caused by arterial insufficiency, as well as diabetic, venous, decubital, trophic and neuropathic ulcers. Diabetic ulcers usually affect feet, hence the name "diabetic foot". Pathological process on arteries persists even in patients with well-controlled glycaemia. As a result of that process, occlusive disease of large blood vessels and pathological changes on small blood vessels could develop. Additional problems include diabetic
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Radiation tissue injury

After radiotherapy (treatment by radiation), some damage of a certain level to healthy tissues would usually remain in the exposed field. Even when protocols with low doses are used, one of possible complications is radiation tissue necrosis. Damage progresses slowly and long after the therapy has stopped. In the exposed tissue, due to lack of oxygen, collagen is lost and fibrosis increases, atrophy of skin and wounds appear, as well as osteoporosis. HBOT stimulates neoangiogenesis (formation
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Chronic and relapsing infections

Infection is an invasion and growth of a biological agent (microorganism) in the body of a host. Microorganisms are viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi. Infection compromises normal functioning of host organism that could lead to the development of non-healing chronic wounds, tissue necrosis, extremity loss, even death. Inflammation is one of reactions of our organism against infection. The first and the most important defense line are leukocytes. Partial pressure of oxygen and quantity of
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Aseptic bone necrosis

Aseptic bone necrosis is a disturbance of bone vascularization that leads to damage and loss of bone structure. Clinically it is manifested as pain and loss of function of the affected joint. There are several reasons for this condition, but in many cases an injury is considered to be the cause of the problem. Besides, the cause could also be gas embolism of bone blood vessels, thrombosis, fat embolism or arterial stenosis. Cellular damage leads to edema and inflammatory response of tissue,
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Acute poisoning by carbon monoxide, cyanides, pesticides, nitrites and tetra-chloride

The most common source of CO poisoning are exhaust gases of automobile engines, heating systems, fumes from faulty chimneys and fumes from industrial sources. CO blocks transport, availability and utilization of oxygen in the body due to its extremely high affinity for hemoglobin, which is the principal carrier of oxygen to various tissues and organs. As a consequence, damage to the tissues occurs, mainly in the tissues with high oxygen demand, such as brain and heart. HBOT hastens
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Hyperbaric oxygen terapy

Why hyperbaric oxygenation (HBOT)? There is no remedy that could increase oxygen content in blood. The only possible method that has been known so far is increasing quantity of oxygen dissolved in plasma at an increased pressure - hyperbaric oxygenation (HBOT). This scientifically established method of treatment is provided in hyperbaric chambers while the patients breathe pure 100% medical oxygen at a pressure higher than normal pressure (sea level, 1.0 bar), usually at pressures from 2.0.
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