WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT SMOKING?

The purpose of HBOT is the delivery of high doses of oxygen in your body via the blood plasma and its utilization in the cells. Smoking significantly complicates this process in at least three ways: tobacco smoke slows down and reduces oxygen transfer in the lungs even for hours after the cigarette; nicotine from tobacco constricts blood vessels and reduces the volume of blood plasma that reaches the tissues, thus significantly reducing all the effects and all efforts achieved by
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Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an often complication of diabetic diseases, characterized by changes on small blood vessels of the eye retina. High blood sugar values cause damage to small blood vessels in the eye retina in sense of thickening of basal membrane and an increase in permeability of retinal blood vessels (non-proliferative phase, with no changes of visual acuity). In some patients, macular edema would develop due to leakage of liquid and lipids to retina through damaged blood vessels,
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Mb. Burger (thrombangiitis obliterans)

Mb. Burger is a disease of small and middle size arteries and veins of extremities. It is most common in male smokers. The leading symptom is pain in arms and legs, cyanosis and feeling of cold in fingers and toes. In more severe cases, necrosis and gangrene are a complication. HBOT increases partial pressure of oxygen in ischemic/hypoxic tissues, lessens tissue damage and necrosis and the size of pathological changes, stimulates wound healing and lessens pain. In case of gangrenous
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Jeopardized skin grafts and flaps

Covering of open wounds with skin is accomplished by transposition of skin in the form of a graft or flap, or skin transplantation in full or partial thickness. Certain risk always exists since such a procedure is inevitably characterized by insufficient supply of the transplanted tissue with blood and/or oxygen. Therefore, the procedure will fail in certain number of cases. HBOT enhances damage to the transplanted tissue caused by lower concentration of oxygen (hypoxia/ischemia),
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Radiation tissue injury

After radiotherapy (treatment by radiation), some damage of a certain level to healthy tissues would usually remain in the exposed field. Even when protocols with low doses are used, one of possible complications is radiation tissue necrosis. Damage progresses slowly and long after the therapy has stopped. In the exposed tissue, due to lack of oxygen, collagen is lost and fibrosis increases, atrophy of skin and wounds appear, as well as osteoporosis. HBOT stimulates neoangiogenesis (formation
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Brain abscess

Numerous infectious organisms could cause brain abscess, amongst them the most often are anaerobes. Due to its structure, lack of vascular network and oxygen, abscess is difficult to treat with antibiotics that are otherwise first therapeutic option. Surgical drainage is used in encapsulated abscesses that would not heal or cause increase of intracranial pressure. Morbidity due to cerebral abscess is high, and there are severe neurological residua in the survived. In complicated case, when
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Acute traumatic ischemia (crush and compartment syndrome, blast injuries)

Crush injury is a severe injury of two or more tissues (muscles, bones, other connective tissues, skin, nerves) that jeopardizes their survival due to its extensiveness. Consecutive edema and damage to blood vessels increases lack of oxygen and leads to irreparable tissue damage and loss of function. Under hypoxic conditions, the tissues lose ability to fight infection and recovery from injury is also jeopardized. The basis of the treatment is wound and fracture care, antibiotic treatment
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Decompression sickness

Decompression sickness is a disease of divers and workers who breathe air at an increased pressure. It is caused by inert gas bubbles in tissues, most commonly nitrogen bubbles, mainly due to inappropriately fast ascent. The disease occurs in two main forms: type I., is considered to be a more mild form, affecting skin, muscles, bones and joints, while type II. is usually considered to be a more severe form, affecting all other organs (brain, spinal cord, heart, lungs, digestive system).
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