Decompression sickness is a disease of divers and workers who breathe air at an increased pressure. It is caused by inert gas bubbles in tissues, most commonly nitrogen bubbles, mainly due to inappropriately fast ascent. The disease occurs in two main forms: type I., is considered to be a more mild form, affecting skin, muscles, bones and joints, while type II. is usually considered to be a more severe form, affecting all other organs (brain, spinal cord, heart, lungs, digestive system).

The only correct treatment is urgent decompression and HBOT until all symptoms disappear. This treatment modality will eliminate gas bubbles from the tissues and by ventilation via lungs. Breathing 100% oxygen corrects damage that affects nervous and other tissues due to hypoxia, corrects edema and reestablishes normal tissues and organs functions.

gas bubbles disease of divers decompression oxygen